1、The predicate is usually a noun or a pronoun that tells who or what the sentence is about.
2、There are four kinds of sentences determined by sentence functions. They are declarative sentences, interrogative sentences, imperative sentences and exclamatory sentences.
3、Subordination is the use of a subordinator in joining two clauses to make a simple sentence.
4、When a sentence is loaded with big words, high-sounding phrases, or pretentious language; it will sound artificial, flowery, and pompous. It is called overwritten style.
5、A fragment without any subject comes about when a writer closes a sentence but then thinks of another detail to explain what he has just said are called “fragments without subjects”.
6、“I cannot drink warm milk.” is a compound sentence.
7、“What is your hobby?” is an imperative sentence?
8、“There is much in your book that is original and valuable---but what is original is not valuable, and what is valuable is not original.” is in a parallel form.
9、“Trees are important on a building site. Break the wind.” is “fragments without subjects”.
10、“Expectoration is prohibited on the vehicle.” is the needless repetition in the sentence.
1、The general statements are usually the first sentences that provide background information on the topic.
2、An introductory paragraph, true to its name, is a paragraph that provides the support to your introduction paragraph and to your thesis statement.
3、The very purpose of writing a conclusion for a theme is to get what have been mainly talked about summed up or repeated for emphasis.
4、When writing a paragraph or essay, just proper grammar and spelling are important.
5、Unity of a paragraph is concerned with its content. If all the sentences in the paragraph lead to one central theme, the paragraph is unified.
6、When the writer wishes to introduce a new thought or topic, he should begin a new paragraph.
7、For a short theme, one paragraph for the introduction will be enough, and it is usually short and brief.
8、The introductory paragraph does not differ in purpose, element, and structure from a general paragraph.
9、The general statements are the first sentences that provide background information on the topic.
10、The body of a theme is formed with only one general paragraph.
1、Descriptions can be broadly divided into two categories, they are objective description and subjective description.
2、“Objective description” could involve as much judgment as possible.
3、The purpose of a subjective description is to help the audience sense an object or situation as it is.
4、The Order of cumulative Adjectives from the first to the last are article or other noun marker, evaluative word, color, nationality, religion, size, length or shape, age, material and noun/adjective.
5、The success of descriptive writing lies in the details. The more detailed your depiction of a plot or a character or a place is, the more you engross your reader.
6、A narration essay should create a vivid picture of the topic in the reader’s mind.
7、One of the purposes of descriptive writing is to make the reader visualize what you want to say.
8、Objective description occurs in literary texts of all kinds, in argumentative pieces, and in personal writing.
9、Choose descriptive words that appeal to your reader's five senses and that strengthen your central idea.
10、“Slim/slender/plump/stocky” can be used to talk about a person’s clothing.
1、A narrative usually contains dialogue to reveal actions or personality traits of the speakers.
2、The controlling idea is always directly stated in the thesis statement.
3、Biography is a kind of narrative essays about person’s life especially the important facts of someone’s life.
4、For narrative, we use the most is flashback.
5、The main function of time signal is to connect details.
6、Your essay is unified if you advance a single point and stick to that point.
7、If all the details in your essay relate to your thesis and supporting topic sentences, your essay is unified.
8、Sometimes the controlling idea implied in the thesis statement.
9、A unified essay stays within the limits of the central idea.
10、Controlling idea can make your article as a whole.
1、With the block pattern, a short comparison can run well throughout a paragraph, providing all aspects of each subject.
2、Point-by-Point Pattern is often used in the short essay with many aspects and a long essay with few aspects.
3、Comparison and contrast is a common method of development that involves focusing on ___________.
B、cause and effect
C、similarities and differences
4、For comparison, when a writer is __________, he is pointing out the similarities that exist between subjects or items.
5、For contrast, when a writer is contrasting, he is pointing out the _________ between subjects or items, even the two different aspects of the same subject.
6、________________ are two thought processes we go through constantly in everyday life.
D、Comparison and contrast
7、In the essay of comparison and contrast, the main body provides ___________ that support your claims.
C、details and evidence
8、With the point-to-point comparison, you are able to shift back and forth between __________________ on each point of comparison or contrast.
B、the first subject and the second subject
D、All of the others
9、With the subject-to-subject comparison, you can use appropriate transitions such as _______________ to move smoothly between the body paragraphs.
D、All of the others
10、Which are the techniques to develop an essay with comparison and contrast?
1、A cause and effect essay includes a clear and effective thesis statement.
2、A thesis statement should be written as narrow as possible.
3、The introductory part of a cause-and-effect essay is usually short and brief.
4、When writing a cause and effect essay, we should oversimplify causes.
5、When writing a cause and effect essay, we should be subjective and support the analysis with solid, factual evidence.
6、What is the effect of “The dishes were dirty.”?
B、Mum put them in the dishwasher.
C、I put them on the table.
D、They were put in the cupboard.
7、What may be the cause of “I got in trouble.”?
A、I lied to my Mum.
B、I ate an apple.
C、I did my homework.
D、I got good grades in the exam.
8、_____ being obese you are more likely to suffer from heart disease or diabetes later in life.
A、As a result
D、As a result of
9、Which thesis statement is proper?
A、Depression is a big problem.
B、Depression may hinder people from functioning normally in daily life.
C、Depression has many negative effects on people.
D、Depression makes me lose my appetite.
10、Which is not the transitional words for causes?
A、in consequence of
1、To emphasize the language of specifics is not to deny the need for general words.
2、Pointless shifts in number are another burden that no one should place on his reader.
3、Sticking to the same grammatical subject possibly will improve the ______ and ______ of our sentence.
4、A writer must be sure that changes in tense are based on _______ in time. Otherwise, the result is needless confusion.
D、none of them
5、____________ is a method of supporting a thesis statement with a series of specific examples, or sometimes, with a single extended example.
6、In cases of exemplification, the added __________ are like those feathers on the peacock's tail, to support or illustrate the statement and make it more colorful, descriptive, or specific.
7、In the simple two-part formula, it is obvious that one part is __________ and the other part refers to __________.
A、the specific example…the general statement
B、the general statement…the specific example
C、the general statement…the strong argumentation
D、the strong argumentation…the general statement
8、While developing the example, we may show rather than tell the example with the aid of_______.
D、All of the others
9、The technique of “_________” your readers what you mean is one of the most powerful ones available to you.
10、Which is the sentence with the fault of confusing shift?
A、A driver should never race his motor without a warm-up
B、A human being can never ignore his own feelings
C、In high school we worked more as groups than as individuals
D、Shirley won the first prize, while her brother was awarded the second
1、The most commonly used types of evidence are: ( )
A、facts and statistics
B、Quotations from authorities
2、The following example: “Animal tests aren’t reliable. “is more convincing.
3、Quotations from authorities can strengthen an argument. And you can use this terms: ( )
A、As...has pointed out..
B、A proverb says...
C、It is said...
D、Someone has said...
4、By using credible evidence, your point of view is so convincing that your readers have no chance to reject your information.
5、What is the purpose of an argumentative essay? ( )
A、To win the debate
B、To convince readers
C、To get closer to the truth
D、To get a higher scores
6、What does five-paragraph essay consist of？( )
B、Two paragraphs explaining our opinion
C、One opposing argument
7、What kinds of method we can use to plan our essay? ( )
A、A spider diagram
B、A positive and negative table
C、A flow chart
8、What does an effective introduction consist of?
9、What are the most likely choices do you have in writing background of the introduction? ( )
B、A social phenomenon
D、A rhetorical question
10、What are the linking devices to link clauses? ( )
1、The block format in the business letter is the simplest format; all of the writing is flush against the margin.
2、Put the date on which the letter is written in the form of .
3、If the purpose of your letter is employment related, consider ending your letter you’re your __________.
4、To write a book report, your step is to pick up the book and start reading.
5、The first part of a report is a of the work.
6、When you write a book report , you should _______________ from the work to illustrate important ideas.
A、use direct quotations
B、not use direct quotations
C、use indirect quotations
D、all of the others
7、The principal purpose of a resume is to highlight your value to a potential employer or agent .
A、to ask for information
B、to exchange information
C、to register interest in you
D、all of the others
8、Which type of resume is more effective when applying for jobs and demonstrates a clear record of career progression?
D、none of them
9、When listing your experience, it is also recommended to list only jobs held within the past years.
10、An abstract serves functions.
1、It’s been calculated that by the age of 18, the average American will have seen 600,000 ads; by the age of 40, the total is almost one million.
2、He said, “I saw that the best thing I could do was get hold of a dictionary--to study, to learn some words.”
3、In the sentence “Some die at 30 but are not buried until they are 70,” the word die connotes stop living spiritually or stop growing intellectually.
4、He became attracted to the idea of action words, so we listed a few more, fly, swim, dive, run.
5、Preventing the atmosphere—stopping ozone depletion and the greenhouse effect—is an environmental necessity.
6、He is an eccentric boy ( ) yet you can’t help liking him.
7、The invention brought him fame ( ) moreover, it brought him money.
8、She showed me the books she had just borrowed from the library ( ) two novels by Jane Austen and a book on the history of English literature.
9、She asked, “What does modernism mean ( )
10、They asked how the semicolon should be used ( )